Jun 172021

Genetic Testing in Children & Kids

Genetic Testing in Children & Kids

Genetic testing for kids is essential for finding the present as well as future knowledge about any minor issue. However, before asking for the test, there are certain consideration needs to be taken. For instance, you need to know the preferred benefits of getting the tests done, then the genetic status of the child and what risks are involved in it, availability of any effective preventive measures and also palliative interventions.

Apart from getting genetic testing for these minor beings, the following needs to be done by a physician:

When preventive measures are available:

The diagnostic tests are recommended for the situation for which the preventive measure and remedies are easily available and can be provided. For processing any medical procedure, the consent and willingness of the minor and parents need to be taken prior. Also, minor needs to be given proper guidance and counselling before planning to fulfil ethical obligations.

Sometimes guardian and parents are reluctant as far as performing specific tests are concerned. The medical officer, in this case, needs to listen especially when the condition of the minor is related to paediatric. Also, when there are no preventive measures available for any condition.

Why testing becomes crucial:

It is upon the medical officer to convince and persuade the decision of the parents or guardians in getting their child testing for figuring out genetic mutation. It becomes even important when any delay in starting the procedure can cause major harm to a child. In other words, sometimes the delayed tactics can also ameliorate the condition of the child, thus counselling at this stage is essential.

Irrespective of the testing, normal counselling of the guardian is needed for removing any doubts from their minds.

Uncertain situations:

It parents and guardians want to get done genetic mutation tests of their child and do not know the repercussions involved in that. It could be owing to the following reasons:

When parents want a test for their child for which there is as such no preventive measure available. Medical officers need to inform the parents about no use of getting such tests done. Also, how the test can impact the development status of the minor and what implications it can have on the future health of a child.

In case just for the sake of knowing the status of that recessive gene in the child for which testing is not essential at all. Keeping in view the ethics involved in testing, unless it is linked with causing any reproductive issues in future for a child, it should be conveyed to parents.

When legal actions become unavoidable:

If parents and guardians are still not agreeing with a physician on any testing process, the consultation should be sought to reach any decision. In extreme cases, in case of parents persistent for infant testing, the physician can even take legal counselling to stop them from pursuing forward.

Physicians should encourage parents to share all developmental and genetic information with a child for a better understating of his future growth pattern.

All the relevant and irrelevant information about the testing needs to be shared with the child. All irrelevant information means those data which will be needed in future for taking decisions.

Genetic testing is sometimes essential for taking futuristic decisions. Sometimes just to remove ambiguity, such tests are recommended. In either case, the advice and recommendations of the medical officer are prerequisites for a better understanding of the issue. Thus, ask your physician before moving forward.